Regarding the insurance of elderly people, who stay on the territory of the Czech Republic for a long time, the requirements of the Act No. 386/1999 Coll. “on the Residence of Foreigners in the Czech Republic” should be followed. Elderly foreigners, who live in the Czech Republic, but do not have permanent residence, can and should choose one of the commercial insurance companies and conclude a health insurance contract with it for the entire period of their stay in the Czech Republic. This requirement is mandatory by law and upon renewal of a residence permit.